PEMBROKE WELSH CORGIS
his sturdy build, tidy coat and intelligent expression, the Pembroke
Welsh Corgi is quite an
attractive breed. While the Corgi's ears stand erect naturally, the
tail must generally be docked
short, since few puppies are born tail-less. The essentials of the breed
are as follows:
The head is foxy, with a fairly broad skull, which is flat between
the ears and has a moderate "stop"
at eye level. The muzzle is tapered; the nose is black. The eyes are
well set, hazel, or blending with
the coat color. The ears are pricked, rounded at the tip, and of medium
size. While a scissors bite is
preferred, a level bite is acceptable.
The neck is fairly long, the forelegs are short and straight, and curve
slightly inward around the
broad, deep chest. The body is of medium length, not short coupled,
and the topline is level. The
hindquarters are moderately angulated, and straight when viewed from
behind. The feet are oval.
The standard calls for a dog to be 10-12 inches at the shoulder and
weighing 25-30 lbs. The coat
is dense and medium in length. There are several acceptable coat colors:
various shades of red
with white markings on the feet, neck and chest, sable coloring (black
hairs interspersed with red),
tri-coloring (black and tan with white markings), and black and tans.
There are some well-bred Corgis who have "very serious faults"
according to the breed's A.K.C.
Standard of Perfection. Some of the faults are: ears that do not stand
erect (as an adult); white
markings on the back between the withers and tail, on the sides between
elbows and back of
hindquarters or on the feathering; an overshot or undershot bite; undescended
testicles in a male;
oversized or undersized as outlined in the standard.
Conscientious breeders DO NOT allow these puppies to be registered
with the A.K.C. until after
they are neutered. A CONTRACT TO THAT EFFECT SHOULD BE SIGNED BY BOTH
BREEDER AND PURCHASER. These dogs should not be bred.
HEALTH AND CARE
In general, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi is a hardy, healthy dog. He lives
to a ripe old age; the
average lifespan is 12 to 13 years, although dogs 14 or 15 years of
age are not uncommon.
Generally most health problems are related to breeding and whelping
Corgis require an average amount of exercise, and delight in simple
games of ball chasing to
burn off excess energy, as well as daily walks if there's no fenced
Grooming a Corgi is a simple task in that the coat requires a minimum
of care. Brushing,
combing and an occasional bathing are all that is necessary. Basic nail
trimming, ear and dental
care are also indicated. For the average Corgi, nail trimming is a task
which they'd rather you
forgot. Although they do not enjoy having nails trimmed, a little bit
of persuasion usually wins
out in the end. Trimming nails regularly from puppyhood is the best
way to avoid disputes.
BREEDING YOUR CORGI
When purchasing a Corgi as a pet, concerned breeders will strongly
suggest that it be neutered.
The health of your Corgi as a neutered animal is greatly enhanced. Bladder
problems and some of the more common cancers can be almost totally eliminated
in the older
dog by simple neutering procedures done when they are young. For your
Corgi's sake, all dogs
not actively used in a breeding program should be neutered.
If you have plans for purchasing a Corgi for showing and breeding you
should be aware that
breeders recommend several involved and expensive tests be done prior
to any breeding
considerations. The Corgi breed currently seems to be having problems
with Cesarean sections
and uterine inertia that lead to increased costs of rearing a litter.
This is in addition to the cost of
the dam's pre-breeding checkup by your vet, the stud service fee, possible
charges and increased vitamins, protein and food for the momma-to-be.
Working with a competent and concerned breeder should give you added
resources. You can
have their help in evaluating your Corgi physically and mentally. They
can offer guidance as to
the selection of a suitable mate, reassure during the pregnancy, offer
advice and may directly
help during the socialization of the puppies. Once the pups are at least
10 weeks old and have
received preliminary inoculations, they may be able to help you in finding
suitable homes for
your puppies. There is a lot more to breeding that just putting a male
and female together. The
Corgi puppy you love and cherish was not just evolved, it was the result
of a lot of clear
thinking, hard work and expense.